1. Make the Dough
Combine the flour, water, sugar, salt, and yeast in the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with the dough attachment. Mix on low speed until the mixture forms a stiff, elastic dough, 5 to 6 minutes. If the dough is too stiff to come together in a mass, add up to 60g (1/4 cup) of extra water, 15g (1 tablespoon) at a time, until the dough is smooth rather than shaggy.
(Alternatively, this step can be done by hand; bring the ingredients together in a large bowl, then knead on a clean counter for 8 to 10 minutes. Add water if needed as directed above.)